Coffee beans comes from many different species of coffee plants. The quality of a good coffee depends on the nutrients of the soil where the coffee is planted and even the way the beans were processed.
Coffea Arabica: This is the most common variety because it makes up at least 75 percent of the world’s coffee trade. It’s deemed to be the highest quality over others. The cultivation and harvesting of this plant is quite expensive and the fact that it only grows on warm temperatures and high altitudes.
Coffea Canephora or Robusta Coffee: Compared to Arabica, this coffee is less refined and cheaper but it takes 20 percent of the coffee trade. These types of coffee beans can be subcategorized according to the location and how the coffee beans were roasted. Robusta can grow in humid climates and low altitudes. The Coffea Canephora is more affordable because it is very easy to grow. It has the double content of caffeine, which makes the coffee it produce bitterer.
The flavor of the product is also significantly controlled by the roasting method. Roasting is an essential process because it highlights the flavor and aroma of the coffee beans. The product of roasting differs from middle to dark roast. American brands commonly produce middle roast while espresso typically use dark and boast a rich aroma and oily surface.
Coffee lovers agree that a freshly roasted and freshly ground coffee beans will help improve their coffee experience. Various specialty shops do roasting everyday, however, it’s better to ask the sales clerk the date of coffee roasting. You may check the freshness date of the coffee at the bottom of the bag when buying it in a supermarket. Outstanding beans look and smell tempting all the time. When looking for fresh and perfect coffee beans, always trust your senses.
If you’re looking for a coffee that is genuinely healthy, then you should think about roasting and brewing it yourself. This will allow the it to retain all the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need. Nevertheless, maintaining a healthy drink begins from the moment you buy coffee beans.
Cinnamon or Light Roast
Contrary to its name, it does not contain cinnamon but it has the same color when the coffee beans are roasted lightly. If you want a bitter coffee, buy coffee beans like these because are highly caffeinated and acidic.
House Roast or American Roast
It is named after that because this medium roasted coffee beans are very common in America.
There are also other roast like French, Espresso or Italian Roast. It is called Italian, Full City or Espresso Roast because it is the darkest type of roast.
Coffee Cherry Tea
A coffee cherry is the fruit of the coffee plant, which is often used to make an herbal tea. This is in contrast with coffee, which is made from the seeds of the coffee plant. Coffee cherry tea has recently been discovered to have specific health benefits.
Coffee cherry tea is most common in areas where coffee trees are cultivated, as it is not typically exported in commercial quantities. It is generally known as cascara in Spanish-speaking countries, and specifically known as sultana in Bolivia. Coffee cherry tea is also called qishr in Yemen
The preparation of coffee cherry tea is not well standardized, but it generally involves drying the cherries in the sun and lightly toasting them. The cherries are ground to the consistency of loose tea, and the grounds steeped in hot water for four to eight minutes. The typical ratio is one teaspoon of dried coffee cherries for every six ounces of water.
Coffee cherry tea is quite pleasant and slightly sweet with a cherry flavor. It has a dark red color, and is not nearly as strong as coffee. The caffeine content of coffee cherry tea is much less than that of coffee, and does not typically cause the stimulating effect of coffee when drunk in moderation.
Coffee cherries are high in antioxidants, which are a class of chemicals that slow the oxidation of bodily tissues. The oxygen radical absorbance capacity is the standard measure of the antioxidant content of a substance. Coffee cherries have an ORAC that is higher is higher than that of blueberries, and up to three times higher than that of green tea.